PDF Russian Aviation & Military Guide, 2017
Russian Aviation & Military Guide ¹ 01(08) February, 2017
Russian-Indian military-technical cooperation
Russian-Indian military-technical cooperation
Vladimir Drozhzhov: «The main competitive advantage of Russian weapons and military equipment is their high performance characteristics which are up to the best world standards»
Since 2000, the Russian Federation has established a
sufficiently effective system to manage military-technical cooperation between
the Russian Federation and foreign states, incorporating the Federal Service for
Military-Technical Cooperation ('FSMTC of Russia') as its critical enabler. The
Federal Service for Military-Technical Cooperation is empowered with control and
supervision functions in the MTC area. FSMTC of Russia shall be a decision
making authority on import to and export from the Russian Federation of military
purpose products as decreed by the President of the Russian Federation, also in
the established manner and as authorized by the Russian Federation President,
issue of licenses to military-technical cooperation-affiliated entities for
import to and export from the Russian Federation of military purpose products.
Vladimir Drozhzhov, Deputy Director of the Federal service for Military
Technical Cooperation (the FSMTC of Russia), head of the official Russian
delegation at AERO INDIA – 2017, says in an exclusive interview to the magazine
«Russian Aviation & Military Guide» about the peculiarities of
military-technical cooperation with India.
— Mr. Drozhzhov, what types of Russian military equipment are the most familiar
in India? In what areas cooperation is most active today?
— Russia and India are bound by a privileged strategic partnership. The
military-technical cooperation between our countries remains at a very high
level. All types of military equipment produced by Russia - overland, sea and
aviation – are broadly presented in the Indian Armed Forces. The most well-known
are: "MiG" and Su-30MKI type aircrafts, "Mi-17" type helicopters, T-72M1 and
T-90S tanks, BMP-2 infantry combat vehicles, "Pechora", "Kvadrat" and "Osa-AK"
air defense missile systems, missile boats of different projects, 11356 project
frigates(known as "Talwar" class), 877EKM project submarines (Kilo class) and,
of course, "Vikramaditya" aircraft carrier.
Our countries continue to build up cooperation in a wide range of areas. First
of all, I mean license production of Su-30MKI aircraft and T-90S tanks;
preparatory work to launch production of Ka-226T helicopters in India. Contract
negotiations on S-400 "Triumph" air defense missile system are fully under way.
So are the talks on 11356 project frigates for the Indian Navy. Russia is also
participating in tenders on different types of air defense means to India.
— What main competitive advantages does Russian military equipment have from the
point of view of the Indian Army Forces?
— Russian equipment is truly time-tested. It has been supplied to India for
decades. So, evidently, there is all the infrastructure necessary for its smooth
operation and there are capacities to train Indian specialists.
Above that, the main competitive advantage of Russian weapons and military
equipment is their high performance characteristics which are up to the best
world standards. And at the same time our equipment stands out for its easiness
in operation and high reliability.
— When did the military-technical cooperation between Russia and India start?
— The military-technical cooperation (MTC) with India started in 1960 when the
first batch of MiG-21 aircraft was delivered to India. For more than half a
century of MTC we have signed contracts exceeding 65 billion US dollars. Russian
technical assistance helped India build above 170 military production objects.
Interaction in this field has always been progressive and constructive.
— How high is the potential for modernization and renovation in
the Russian military equipment? What can the Russian Federation offer today in
— Initially all exported Russian military products have a huge potential for
modernization, and the military equipment supplied to India is no exception.
A graphic example is the modernization of MiG-29 aircraft of the Indian Air
Force to level MiG-29UPG. As a result, the Indian Air Force will receive the
latest generation aircraft capable of carrying out a wide range of missions. At
the negotiation table are also the modernization of T-72S and T-90S tanks and
the first batches of Su-30MKI aircraft, produced in 1990s, and the upgrade of
Il-76 military-transport aircraft and Mi-17 helicopters.
— As the forthcoming "AERO INDIA - 2017" has a focus on aviation, it is natural
to ask you, what aviation equipment according to the experts of FSMTC of Russia
is in high demand by India?
— Well, a very important field of cooperation with India in military aviation,
undoubtedly, is the joint development of the FGFA. Russia has also offered
latest Il-78MK-90-A tanker aircrafts to India. We are ready to additionally
supply to India our distant radar detection aircraft based on Il-76TD.
The project of deep modernization of Su-30MKI aircrafts produced in 1990s and
early 2000s years might become yet another promising direction of the Indo-
Russian cooperation in the aviation sphere.
Worth mentioning are our achievements in the area of helicopter equipment. First
of all, it is future production of Ka-226T helicopters in India, as well as the
additional delivery of Mi-17V-5 military-transport helicopters and the project
on modernization of "Mi-17" type helicopters supplied to India in 1980s – 1990s.
— What pieces of equipment presented by Russia at this salon will potentially
raise high interest among partners?
— Certainly, it will be our brand new MiG-35 fighter that has just been
successfully presented in Russia. In our opinion, Il-76MD-90A new generation
medium-range military-transport aircraft with PS-90A-76 engines and Il-112V
light military-transport aircraft also deserve attention.
Russian outstanding helicopters are usually of great interest to foreigners.
Ka-226T light helicopters, Ka-52 attack helicopters and various modifications of
the "Mi" type military-transport helicopters will be presented at the
— Is Russia ready to consider joint ventures in India? Is the experience of such
— We have a positive experience of making JVs with a number of countries, but
the real gem in the crown is "BrahMos Aerospace" — a joint Russian-Indian
organization. It produces missiles that are not only in demand in India, but
have a vast export potential.
Besides that another joint Russian-Indian venture on production of Ka-226T light
helicopters is being finalized.
Given the “Make in India” program that is strategically important for India and
the special level of our bilateral relations, the Russian Federation is ready to
jointly develop and produce hi-tech military equipment with our Indian partners.
Major areas of FSMTC of Russia activities shall be:
In conformity with laws of the Russian Federation, FSMTC of Russia shall
perform control and supervision functions relating to:
- To perform control and supervision functions in the area of military-technical
cooperation in compliance with laws of the Russian Federation;
- To participate jointly with other federal government authorities in
elaboration of state policy in the area of military-technical cooperation and
submit in the established manner relevant proposals to the President of the
Russian Federation, the Government of the Russian Federation, and Defense
Ministry of the Russian Federation;
- To ensure jointly with other federal government authorities implementation of
key state policy guidelines in the area of military-technical cooperation as set
by the President of the Russian Federation; and Within its competence and
jointly with other federal government authorities, to implement state
regulations in the area of military-technical cooperation.
- Compliance, of activities in the field of military-technical cooperation of
federal government authorities, government authorities of the Russian Federation
constituencies, and Russian organizations empowered in the established manner to
carry out foreign trade activities regarding military purpose products,
corporate developers and manufacturers of military purpose products, other legal
entities, officials and individuals, with legal acts and regulations of the
Russian Federation and key state policy guidelines in the field of
military-technical cooperation, requirements of the Russian Federation laws on
export control over procurement of military purpose products;
- Implementation of underlying state policy principles in the field of
military-technical cooperation including state monopoly;
- Efficient functioning of state regulatory system in the field of
- Fulfillment of international treaties of the Russian Federation in the field
of military-technical cooperation;
- Activities in the field of military-technical cooperation of representative
offices of military-technical cooperation–affiliated entities in the Russian
Federation and foreign states, as well as those of other organizations;
- Marketing, advertising, and exhibition activities in the field of
- Efficient application of funds allocated from the federal budget to finance
activities in the field of military-technical cooperation, as well as efficient
use of federal property by military-technical cooperation–affiliated entities;
- Level of foreign trade prices for export and import military purpose products
with due regard to protection of economic interests of the Russian Federation;
- Level of local prices for military purpose products to be funded out of the
federal budget, and supplied to foreign customers under international treaties
of the Russian Federation.
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